Self-talk

 

Self –talk techniques are widely used in performance enhancement settings (e.g. motivational and self-confidence) with use of both instructional and motivational statements. Instructional self-talk refers to words designed to increase performance by formulating wanted achievement through focusing on the methodological aspects of skill and ability. The function of instructional self-talk is the recognition of specific movement (e.g. throw or kick). The use of self-control techniques during training with use of realistic and achievable instructions this could have a positive effect on performance, as it recognizes achievements and subsequently help to increase performance satisfaction (e.g. increase focus on few but specific instructions, which benefits the performance). The idea of self-talk is to focus on a few cue words that help changing the perception to either motivating self-talk (e.g. I can do this) or task specific self-talk (e.g. rhythm, breath “three deep breaths”). The use of self-talk could be seen as a link to self-motivational beliefs such as self –efficacy, together with self-reflection process, like performance satisfaction.

Positive

I’m always doing my best

I’ve done it before and I can do it again

Three deep breaths/ I know my routine

 

Negative

I’m not good enough

I’m afraid to fail the task

I get so stressed when I’m in front of all these people.