The use of goal settings includes distinct levels of directed behaviour towards a specific aim. The goal settings are affected by achievable and realistic goals included in both long and short –term processes. The ability to self-monitor becomes crucial through goal settings period because attention to external and internal cues, through greater self-awareness, could lead to quicker and more suitable control of intervention strategies. Setting goals could benefit from a carefully thought through plan, which could support the athlete through the process of achieving the desired outcome.



When writing down your goals you should think SMART, which could be used as a useful tool when setting the desired goals. In addition to this you should also reflect upon your goals by asking yourself (what, why, when and where) whilst looking over both long-term and short-term goals.


S (specific)

Specific, be specific when you writing down the goal. The more details the goals contain the easier it will be to understand the process of achieving the desired outcome.

M (measurable)

Measurable, is the goal measureable? This could help you see small/large improvements as you develop.

A (achievable)

Achievable, is the goal reasonable enough to be accomplished.

R (relevant)

Relevant, is the goal relevant for what you would like to achieve

T (time)

Time, put down a timeframe or a date that is realistic to achieve desired outcome.


It is important to remember that the goals might change as you develop. It is therefore significant to regularly and carefully evaluate whether on not the coach should be revised or changed. However, this is complete dependent on the individual’s desires and personal progress.